suspension & expulsion


National Center for Education Statistics


Research on School Suspension

Article by Anne-Marie Iselin. Duke University, 2010

Student Suspension from School: Impact on Academic Achievement by Race

Article by Denise-Marie Ordway, 2016

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How does being expelled or suspended impact a child’s drive to succeed in school?

The gaps in academic achievement between white and minority children have long concerned educators and policymakers. There have been a multitude of efforts to reform public education in order to boost students test scores with the goal to help youth of all races and backgrounds perform at the same level. While students have made progress, significant disparities persist. In the 2011-2012 school year, 85% of white students finished high school on time and with a regular diploma compared to 68% of black students and 76% of Latino students, according to data from the National Center for Education Statistics. For more on strategies to combat disparities, please see the artifacts below.